@cartophile How did you handle this book with your teen? One of the most frequent uses of radiocarbon dating is to estimate the age of organic remains from archaeological sites.They also do a lot of cross-checks between different dating methods to figure out which ones work in which circumstances and to test the assumptions to see whether or not they are valid.p58 “Experiments have shown that carbon 14, for instance, does change into carbon 12 at different rates, depending on factors like heat and radiation.By about ten half-lives, or 58,000 years, the amount of carbon-14 left in the fossil is very little- about 1/1000 of the original number of carbon-14 atoms in the fossil.So, using carbon dating for fossils older than 60,000 years is unreliable.What if originally part of the material being measured was already carbon 12? Since we do not know what was there originally, the dates may be very far from correct." p58 “Experiments have shown that carbon 14, for instance, does change into carbon 12 at different rates, depending on factors like heat and radiation.Also, we know that high electric voltages definitely change the rate of decay of many elements.” I thought it worked like this: -there are several isotopes of carbon in the atmosphere -living things exchange carbon with the atmosphere until they die at which point they do not take on any more carbon -the carbon 14 undergoes radioactive decay to nitrogen 14 -the carbon 12 is stable and does not undergo decay -measuring the amount of carbon 14 and carbon 12 in a sample and calculating the current ratio allows you to determine how long ago the organism died (since the ratio of carbon 14 to carbon 12 in the atmosphere does change some over time, you need to use a calibration curve…these are developed by measuring carbon ratios in tree rings and other once living things that can be dated by other methods) I could not find anything about decay rates changing based on heat or radiation and the author gives no source so should I doubt that statement also??
Current YEC thinking is that nuclear decay rates must have been much faster — by a factor of a billion or more — during the first two days of the Creation Week and during the Flood.
Carbon dating, also known as radiocarbon dating, is a method of estimating the age of carbon-bearing materials up to 60,000 years old.
However, it is also used to determine ages of rocks, plants, trees, etc. When the sun’s rays reach them, a few of these particles turn into carbon 14 (a radioactive carbon).
We had some discussion about the substandard textbook review process for some “Christian” textbook publishers last year.
Yes, I think “apologetics for kids” is how I’d characterize this book (which is no excuse, and arguably if you’re writing something to bolster someone’s faith, it’s fairly important to get your facts straight).