The urban population is estimated to be 11 percent of the total population.
The rural lowland population is composed of many nomadic and seminomadic peoples.
The plateau is between six thousand and ten thousand feet above sea level, with the highest peak being Ras Deshan, the fourth-tallest mountain in Africa.
Addis Ababa is the third-highest capital city in the world.
The vast majority of the languages spoken in the country can be classified within three families of the Afro-Asiatic super language family: the Semitic, Cushitic, and Omotic.
Today, many Oromo write their language, Oromoic, using the Roman alphabet as a political protest against their history of domination by the Amhara, who account for significantly less of the population.
Some peaks in the Simyen Mountains receive periodic snowfall, while the average temperature of the Danakil is 120 degrees Fahrenheit in the day time.
The high central plateau is mild, with a mean average temperature of 62 degrees Fahrenheit.
The combination of church and state was an indissoluble alliance that controlled the nation from King 'Ēzānā's adoption of Christianity in 333 until the overthrow of Haile Selassie in 1974.
A socialist government (the Derge) known for its brutality governed the nation until 1991.