Also the liberty to dig chalk and clay, sand and mold, and to cut bushes, maple, hazel, sallow, willow and crab and no other wood.
There were also pathways and rights of way through the wood.
These included old banks, pits and quarries, as well as sunken lanes, or holloways, which were probably used for the transfer of goods and livestock. Hunting Chase The 'Penna', which translates from Old English as ‘the enclosure’ or ‘pen’, together with Rogmanshamhatch Corner, meaning 'roe-hedge-of-the-gravel-hamlet-gate', both refer to the use of the wood as a deer enclosure for Wycombe Heath as far back as 500 AD.
One theory is that it could have been present naturally on-site, with wood being readily available to provide fuel for the furnaces.
It is thought, however, that some of the pottery remnants that have been discovered could pre-date the Romans, indicating they were simply continuing the iron production that had already been established in the Iron Age.
Ponds scattered throughout the wood served as essential watering holes for the commoners’ livestock in an area where the underlying porous downland soils wouldn’t naturally support surface pooling.
Great Gagemoor pond (meaning "goose-moor" pond) is thought to have originally been a mineral pit and Beamond End a natural solution hollow.