Worker salaries are deposited into accounts controlled by the North Korean government, which keeps most of the money, claiming fees for various “voluntary” contributions to government endeavors.
Workers only receive a fraction of the money paid to the North Korean government for their work.
The most common form of trafficking involves North Korean women and girls forced into marriage or prostitution in China.
Women and girls from North Korea migrate to China, often with the help of a facilitator, seeking food, work, freedom, and better life prospects.
Tens of thousands of North Korean workers are estimated to be employed in Russian logging camps, where they reportedly have only two days of rest per year and face punishments when they fail to meet production targets.
The North Korean government does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so.Trafficking networks of Korean-Chinese and North Koreans (usually men) operate along the China- North Korean border, reportedly working with Chinese and North Korean border guards to recruit women for marriage or prostitution in China.North Korean women often pass through many hands, with multiple brokers involved in their trafficking.Within North Korea, forced labor is part of an established system of political repression.North Koreans do not have a choice in the jobs they work and are not free to change jobs at will; the North Korean government determines what work each citizen will have.The North Korean government continues to deny the existence of trafficking as a problem.Little information is available on North Korea’s internal legal system.Others are offered jobs but are subsequently trafficked into involuntary servitude through forced marriages to Chinese men, often of Korean ethnicity, into forced prostitution in brothels, or the Internet sex industry.Some are forced to serve as hostesses in nightclubs and karaoke bars.Chinese authorities cracked down on cross-border movement in advance of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and they seem to have continued strict enforcement throughout 2009.Reports indicate corruption involving North Korean border guards facilitating cross-border movement, particularly involving traffickers and professional border crossers.